From Pharmacy Drug Guide
Adderall® is a central nervous system (CNS) stimulant. It is primarily used in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, ADHD, but is also prescribed to treat narcolepsy. It is made up of a combination of four different salts from amphetamine.
Adderall's side effects are similar to other stimulant-based prescription drugs. Scientists believe that Adderall® increases the amount of the neurotransmitters dopamine and norepinephrine in the brain in a way that helps ADHD patients pay attention to the task at hand despite distractions.
Adderall® is available in two variations: IR, or instant release, and XR, or extended release. Doctors prescribe the IR version for ADHD and narcolepsy; the XR version is only for ADHD. Side effects of Adderall® range from to loss of appetite, nervousness and insomnia to serious cardiovascular issues and even sudden death.
|Brand name for||Amphetamine aspartate, amphetamine sulfate, dextroamphetamine saccharate, dextroamphetamine sulfate.|
|Uses||Treatment of ADHD and narcolepsy|
|Common side effects||Headache, dizziness, dry mouth, trouble sleeping, nervousness, cardiovascular problems|
|Who should not take Adderall®||Patients with drug abuse histories, heart disease, Tourette's syndrome, and certain mood disorders|
|Disclaimer||The information provided by PharmacyDrugGuide.com is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Do not take any action based on the information on this page without consulting a physician.|
Common Adderall Side Effects
Common side effects of Adderall® and Adderall XR® include, but are not limited to, dry mouth, loss of appetite, nervousness, difficulty sleeping, headaches, dizziness, nausea and vomiting. Taking Adderall earlier in the day and with meals can lesson the side effects, as can reducing or eliminating caffeine from the diet.
More serious reactions while taking Adderall® and Adderall XR® can occur, and some may require immediate medical attention. These include chest pain, anorexia, fainting, severe headaches, blurred vision, irregular heartbeat, slurred speech, confusion, rash, impotence, changes in libido, and severe dizziness
There is some evidence to suggest that the use of amphetamines in psychotic patients may increase symptoms of behavior and thought disorders. Amphetamines have been reported to exacerbate motor and phonic tics and Tourette's syndrome. Additional adverse reactions to Adderall include heart palpitations, rapid heart beat, high blood pressure, sudden death, myocardial infarction. There have been isolated reports of cardiomyopathy associated with chronic amphetamine use.
Psychotic and central nervous system episodes such as overstimulation, restlessness, insomnia, euphoria, loss of control over body movements depression, tremor, seizures, and strokes can occur even at recommended doses.
Adderall Allergic Reactions
Allergic reactions to Adderall® are rare, but in extreme cases require immediate medical attention. Symptoms of a reaction may include dizziness; hives; difficulty breathing; itching and swelling, which is most serious when it occurs on the face, tongue, or throat; and angiodemia, which is swelling of the tissues under the skin. Those allergic to amphetamine, pseudoephedrine, epinephrin or dextroamphetamine will likely be allergic to Adderall.
Adderall and other ADHD Drug Side Effects
Adderall Warnings and Precautions
- Adderall® can cause dizziness, and patients are advised not to operate any heavy machinery, like a motor vehicle, before fully understanding how Adderall will affect focus.
- Patients with histories of cardiovascular disease, drug abuse, glaucoma, Tourette's, motor tics or spasms, or hyperthyroidism may not be good candidates for Adderall®.
- Adderall® may not be right for those with mood disorders like aggression, manic episodes, bipolar disorder or depression.
Adderall Abuse and Addiction
Adderall® is an amphetamine, and has a high potential for abuse. Used over time, Adderall® can lead to physical and psychological dependence. Misuse or overdose of amphetamines can lead to fatal reactions and severe heart problems. Adderall® abuse has been commonplace among college students who believe that Adderall® helps them study for long periods and do better on exams. Adderall® may also be abused as a "party drug," where it is used to achieve a sense of euphoria, and sometimes to counteract the effects of alcohol.
Adderall® is frequently misused as a diet drug because of its appetite suppressing effects.
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