Category:Cancer Treatment

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Cancer treatment comes in a variety of forms, including hormonal therapy, prescription medications, and alternative options such as the use of medical marijuana. The type of cancer treatment used for patients depends largely on their physicians, their specific cancers, and the extent to which their disease has progressed. Patients who wish to use alternative cancer treatments such as marijuana must be aware of the legal status of the herb in their state or county.

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Wikimedia Commons: Bart Everson
Treats Various types of cancers, including prostate cancer, breast cancer, and lung cancer
Brand name medications Casodex®, Avastin®, Arimidex®
Types of cancer medications Luteinzing hormone-releasing hormones (LHRH); nonsteroidal aromatase inhibitors; others
Alternative cancer treatment Use of marijuana; lifestyle changes
Treatment side effects Cancer drugs may cause serious side effects such as high blood pressure, chest pain, and hot flashes.
Disclaimer The information provided by PharmacyDrugGuide is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Do not take any action based on the information on this page without consulting a physician.
Author Selena Robinson
 
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Contents

About Cancer Treatment

In most cases, physicians prescribe medications for use in treating cancer in patients. These medications may include single medications, as well as combination drugs such as Avastin®. The use of prescription drugs in treating cancer is often referred to as "chemotherapy."[1]

Some patients who have been diagnosed with cancer make use of alternative treatments such as lifestyle changes, medical marijuana, and hormone therapy. These treatments may involve acupuncture, special diets, and botanicals.[2]

About Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy is also used in treating certain types of cancer. With this type of cancer treatment, radiation is used to shrink or kill cancerous cells in the body. Patients may receive internal radiation from substances or external radiation from a machine. However, radiation can pose serious risks to healthy cells, particularly if it is used for an extended period of time.[3]

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Cancer Treatment Drugs

Cancer treatment drugs may be administered via injection, oral tablets, or a combination of the two. For example, Casodex®, which is used in treatment of prostate cancer, is a nonsteroidal antiandrogen that is taken orally every day. This medication is typically prescribed along with a luteinzing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH).[4] On the other hand, Lupron® is a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist that is delivered via injection for periods of up to six months.[5]

Cancer Treatment Drug Recalls

On occasion, the FDA has had to issue voluntary or forced recalls of cancer treatment drugs after discovering that the potential side effects outweighed the benefits of using the medication. For example, in 2010, the pharmaceutical company Pfizer voluntarily recalled the cancer drug Mylotarg® after studies showed that cancer patients who used Mylotarg® experienced a higher rate of death than those who did not.[6]

Cancer Definition

A doctor from the Cancer Treatment Centers of America explains what cancer is and how it affects the body.
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References

  1. http://www.cancer.org/treatment/treatmentsandsideeffects/treatmenttypes/chemotherapy/chemotherapyprinciplesanin-depthdiscussionofthetechniquesanditsroleintreatment/chemotherapy-principles-what-is-chemo
  2. http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/cam
  3. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/radiationtherapy.html
  4. http://www1.astrazeneca-us.com/pi/casodex.pdf
  5. http://www.lupron.com/important-safety-information.cfm
  6. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/meds/a607075.html