Category:Nasal Allergy Treatments

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There are a variety of treatments on the market for nasal allergy sufferers. Some are available over the counter with no prescription, while others are sold by prescription only. Nasal allergies, technically referred to as allergic rhinitis, occur when the sufferer breathes in a substance that they are allergic to. Potential sources of allergies include dust, pollen and dander. Hay fever is allergic rhinitis caused by outdoor substances, such as pollen from plants.[1]

Types of nasal allergy treatments include antihistamines, which are recommended for occasional, transient allergies and may cause sleepiness in some preparations; corticosteroids, which are considered to work better than other treatments with continual use; and nasal decongestants, which are intended for no more than two to three days of use.[1] Some nasal allergy treatments, such as Nasonex®, come in the form of nasal spray. Others, such as Claritin® and Zyrtec®, are taken orally.[2]

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Contents

Nasal Spray

Nasal sprays can help many allergy sufferers find relief from symptoms. The sprays are most effective when they are used properly. Medical experts suggest taking the following steps to ensure maximum benefit from nasal sprays:

  • Users are advised to shake the nasal spray if directed on the packaging.
  • The nasal spray will work better if the nose has been cleared first. This can be achieved by blowing the nose.
  • The nostril will accept more of the spray if the other nostril is closed shut with a finger.
  • Users are instructed to gently inhale while the product is being sprayed into the nostril.[3]

Allergy Causes

Allergy symptoms are not actually caused by the substances that individuals are allergic to; rather, allergy symptoms happen due to a response of the immune system. The immune system is designed to deal with foreign intruders, called antigens, with specific response mechanisms. It creates antibodies to fight against these intruders, which are perceived as threats. Among people with allergies, antibodies are released to "fight off" substances that are not actually dangerous to the body, such as cat fur or pollen. The reaction of the antibodies with the substance causes a reaction that results in the release of chemicals, including histamines, in the body, which causes allergy symptoms like runny, stuffy nose and sneezing.[1] [4]

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References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000813.htm
  2. http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/allergy-medications/AA00037
  3. http://www.uptodate.com/contents/patient-information-allergic-rhinitis-seasonal-allergies-beyond-the-basics
  4. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002229.htm

Subcategories

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