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Ecstasy, or MDMA, is a psychoactive drug. Chemically, the drug has similarities to mescaline and the stimulant methamphetamine. Ecstasy is a Schedule I illegal drug, and is classified as one of the "club drugs", due to its high frequency of use at parties and nightclubs. It is also called X, E, roll, and XTC.[1]

Ecstasy is a mind-altering illegal drug that causes individuals to feel energetic and euphoric. It is typically administered as a pill or tablet, but may also be snorted in powder form.[1]


Flickr: paulina spencer
Street names E, X, Roll, XTC, Adam[1]
Active chemicals MDMA, or methylenedioxymethamphetamine[2]
Delivery method Orally in tablet or capsule form[1]
Side effects Euphoria, increased energy, depression, anxiety, chills, clenching teeth[1]
US DEA Classification Schedule I controlled substance[1]
Disclaimer The information provided by is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Do not take any action based on the information on this page without consulting a physician.
Author Allison Hughes


Physiologic Effects of Ecstasy

The main ingredient in Ecstasy, MDMA, primarily affects the neurotransmitter in the brain called serotonin, which helps to monitor mood, sleep, sexual activity, and pain sensitivity. MDMA works by prolonging and increasing the serotonin signal, as well as releasing dopamine. Some of the effects of MDMA include feelings of euphoria, increased energy, warm emotional responses, and distortions in perception and time. However, the drug also results in other side effects, including confusion, difficulty sleeping, anxiety, depression, and difficulty concentrating. Over time, MDMA can cause increases in blood pressure and heart rate that may cause a higher risk of heart disease. Users may also experience teeth clenching, sweating, and chills.[2]

Ecstasy Legal Status

Ecstasy, or MDMA, is a Schedule I controlled substance by the Drug Enforcement Agency. Schedule I drugs are considered to be highly addictive and to contain no medical benefits.[1] However, this was not always the case with MDMA. As early as 1913, the pharmaceutical company Merck filed for a patent on MDMA, but eventually abandoned the idea to market the drug. Due to Merck's 1913 patent, future drug companies did not try and profit from the drug because drugs cannot be patented twice. Additionally, a company must show that the medical benefits far outweigh the side effects. On July 1, 1985, the DEA exercised its right to put an immediate ban on MDMA as the agency considered the drug to be a danger to the public. In a hearing, it was argued that MDMA had the potential to benefit patients in psychotherapy, but the DEA disagreed, permanently classifying MDMA as a Schedule I illegal drug.[3]

About Drug Side Effects

Information about drug side effects


Also See: Drug Side Effects, Ketamine, Rohypnol, Cocaine, Heroin, Psilocybin, GHB, LSD, Peyote, Khat, Controlled Substances and Illegal Drugs


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