Tobacco Side Effects

From Pharmacy Drug Guide

Jump to: navigation, search


Tobacco is a drug, widely available to adults in forms that can be smoked or chewed. Side effects of tobacco vary, based on the method of consumption and the formulation of the tobacco. The U. S. Surgeon General, the U. S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) all recognize tobacco as an addictive substance that is harmful to the health of the person who uses it and to others who are exposed to second-hand tobacco smoke.[1] [2] [3] [4]

Tobacco contains nicotine, which produces temporary positive effects like improved mood, improved short-term memory and concentration, and a sense of well-being.[3] However, tobacco's negative effects outweigh its short-term positive effects. The World Health Organization recognizes tobacco as a risk factor for six of the eight leading causes of death. Worldwide, tobacco causes 5.4 million deaths annually.[5]

Advertisement


Smoking.jpg
Flickr: miss pupik
Brand name Various
Manufacturer Various
Uses Tobacco is commonly smoked or chewed.
Common side effects Short term effects of tobacco use include increased heart rate, increased blood pressure and increased adrenalin in the bloodstream.[6] When smoked, short term effects include increased levels of carbon monoxide in the blood.[7] Long term effects include addiction, cancer, cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease, reproductive effects, loss of bone mass, dental disease, and erectile dysfunction.[8] [9]
Who should not take tobacco? Tobacco is not recommended for consumption by anyone. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [9] [10] [11]
Disclaimer The information provided by PharmacyDrugGuide.com is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Do not take any action based on the information on this page without consulting a physician.
Author Selena Robinson
 
Advertisement

Contents

Common Tobacco Side Effects

Side effects of tobacco use may include:

  • Addiction
  • Lung cancer
  • Laryngeal cancer
  • Oral cavity and pharyngeal cancers
  • Esophageal cancer
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Bladder and kidney cancers
  • Cervical cancer
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Endometrial cancer
  • Stomach cancer
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Prostate cancer
  • Leukemia
  • Liver cancer
  • Brain cancer
  • Breast cancer
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Coronary heart disease
  • Cerebrovascular disease
  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Bronchitis
  • Pneumonia
  • Cataracts
  • Loss of bone mass and increased risk of hip fractures
  • Peptic ulcer disease
  • Increased risks for preterm premature rupture of membranes, abruptio placentae, and placenta previa, and preterm delivery
  • Increased risks of fetal death and stillbirths
  • Reduced lung function and low birth weight and increased risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) among infants whose mothers smoked during pregnancy
  • Increased number and severity of respiratory illnesses in children and teenagers whose parents smoke[8] [9]

About the Benefits of Smoking Bans

The Mayo Clinic examines the health benefits of local smoking bans

Tobacco Allergic Reactions

Some people are allergic to tobacco, and may be exposed to it directly or indirectly. Symptoms of a tobacco allergy which may require medical attention may include:

  • Swelling of the face, throat, tongue, or chest
  • Hoarseness
  • Difficulty breathing or swallowing
  • Rash, hives, or angioedema[12] [13] [14] [15]

Tobacco Precautions and Warnings

Tobacco may interact with these and other medications:

  • Benzodiazepines (including Valium® and Xanax®)
  • Beta-blockers (including Metoprolol)
  • Caffeine
  • Estradiol
  • Flecainide
  • Haloperidol
  • Heparin
  • Imipramine
  • Insulin
  • Opioids (including hydrocodone, oxycodone, fentanyl, and morphine)
  • Pentazocine
  • Propranolol
  • Tacrine
  • Theophylline[16]

The FDA has introduced new warning labels on tobacco products. Some of these labels include the following text:

  • WARNING: Cigarettes are addictive
  • WARNING: Smoking during pregnancy can harm your baby
  • WARNING: Tobacco smoke can harm your children
  • WARNING: Cigarettes cause fatal lung disease
  • WARNING: Cigarettes cause cancer
  • WARNING: Cigarettes cause strokes and heart disease
  • WARNING: Smoking can kill you
  • WARNING: Tobacco smoke causes fatal lung disease in nonsmokers
  • WARNING: Quitting smoking now greatly reduces serious risks to your health[17]

Advertisement

Also See: Chantix, Chantix Coupons, Chantix Side Effects, Nicoderm Coupons, Nicoderm Side Effects, Nicorette Side Effects, Nicotine Patch Coupons, Nicotine Patch Side Effects, Zyban Side Effects, Contrave Side Effects, Wellbutrin XL Side Effects

Advertisement

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/fact_sheets/health_effects/effects_cig_smoking/
  2. 2.0 2.1 http://www.fda.gov/TobaccoProducts/ResourcesforYou/ucm255658.htm
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002032.htm
  4. 4.0 4.1 http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/secondhandsmoke/report/fullreport.pdf
  5. 5.0 5.1 http://www.who.int/tobacco/mpower/mpower_report_full_2008.pdf
  6. http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/03/050329130902.htm
  7. http://www.drugfree.org/drug-guide/tobacco
  8. 8.0 8.1 http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/sgr/2004/complete_report/index.htm
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/sgr/2004/pdfs/chapter1.pdf
  10. http://www.fda.gov/TobaccoProducts/ResourcesforYou/default.htm
  11. http://www.fda.gov/tobaccoproducts/protectingkidsfromtobacco/default.htm
  12. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1009675/pdf/brjindmed00150-0019.pdf
  13. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10071524
  14. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17376094
  15. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17376094
  16. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10427467
  17. http://www.fda.gov/ForConsumers/ConsumerUpdates/ucm259624.htm